Religiously Divided Nigerian Society and the “4IR” -By Richard Odusanya


The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) – characterized by the merging of the digital, biological and physical worlds, as well as the increasing use of new technologies such as artificial intelligence, cloud computing, robotics, 3D printing, l he Internet of Things and advanced wireless technologies, among others, have ushered in a new era of economic disruption with uncertain socio-economic consequences for Africa. However, Africa has been left behind in recent industrial revolutions. Will this time be different? This article aims to encourage Nigerians to bridge ethnic and religious divides…in an effort to achieve industrialization through political cohesion, bearing in mind that Nigeria being the largest black population and the giant of Africa cannot be ignored in the scheme of things.

National prosperity is created, not inherited. It does not grow out of a country’s natural endowments, its labor pool, its interest rates, or the value of its currency, as conventional economics argues. A country’s competitiveness depends on its industry’s ability to innovate and modernize. Businesses are getting the edge over the best competitors in the world due to pressure and challenges. They benefit from having strong domestic rivals, aggressive local suppliers and demanding local customers.

In a world of increasingly global competition, nations have become more important, not less important. As the basis of competition shifted more and more towards the creation and assimilation of knowledge, the role of the nation grew. Competitive advantage is created and maintained through a highly localized process. Differences in national values, culture, economic structures, institutions and histories all contribute to competitive success. There are striking differences in the competitiveness patterns of each country; no nation can or will be competitive in all or even most industries.

Ultimately, nations succeed in particular industries because their home environment is the most forward-looking, dynamic, and challenging. A small country like Israel can be a great nation…Since a nation is nothing more than a collection of people living within a set of physical boundaries, we can measure the greatness of a nation by the same way, by the contributions it has made to the world, to humanity. Going forward, our beloved country, Nigeria, as a nation endowed with both natural and human resources, we must refocus on selfless acts such as: Dr Martin Luther King Jr, Nelson Mandela (Madiba) , Julius Nyerere (Nwalimu), as we approach the 2023 general elections with a mindset to elect a TRANSFORMATIONAL leader who can guide us through the storm to the promised land.

Interestingly, political speeches are usually subjective in nature. So the interpretation and output of it is subjective. The truths of one are the lies of the other. Moreover, the unexpected always brings surprises. The rejected and condemned stone may end up being the key pillar of the expected transformation. Nigeria, as a nation destined for greatness, we need dynamic leadership and dynamic citizens, especially at a time like this in order to catch up with the civilized world and the globalized economy in this era. of the fourth industrial revolution “4IR”. In fact, rhetoric is the art of persuasion which, along with grammar and logic, is one of the three ancient arts of speech. Rhetoric aims to study the techniques that writers or speakers use to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. Especially in the run-up to the 2023 general election.

For a small country, Israel looms large for three of the world’s major religious groups. The modern Jewish state is not only the “promised land” for Jews, but the only country in the world where they form the majority of the population. For Christians, Israel is the “Holy Land” because it is the place where the life and death of Jesus took place. And, for Muslims, Jerusalem is the place where the Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven. Although Israel’s religious significance dates back to ancient times, the country continues to receive frequent international attention due in large part to near-constant religious, ethnic, and political conflict.

Instructively, in a multilingual Nigerian society as well as in similar countries like Australia, India or even in seemingly homogeneous linguistic societies like Britain, language planning, development and policies are sine qua non. . Thus, political scientists define the “nation” as a people with a shared sense of history and identity. The aspiration is to transform a state into a nation-state. Some will instinctively say that Nigeria is not a nation but a country, essentially a geographical expression or a political entity. In the well-quoted words of Chief Jeremiah Olaniyi Obafemi Awolowo (Awo), the indisputable nationalist, as featured in his book, “Path to Nigerian Freedom” (1947), “Nigeria is not a nation. It is a simple geographical expression. There are no “Nigerians” in the same sense as there are “English”, “Welsh” or “French”. However, increasingly, ‘nation’ and ‘country’ are now used interchangeably, perhaps as a reflection of a changing world.

This article examines whether the choice of an electoral system in a culturally plural society can affect the potential for future violent conflict. We find that it is possible, but that there is no single electoral system that is likely to be best for all divided societies. We distinguish four fundamental strategies for the design of the electoral system. The optimal choice for managing conflicts peacefully depends on several identifiable factors specific to our beloved country, Nigeria, including the manner and degree of politicization of religion and ethnicity, intensity of conflict and demographic distribution. and geography of ethnic groups. Moreover, the most appropriate electoral system for initially ending internal conflict may not be the best for longer-term conflict management. In short, while electoral systems can be powerful levers for shaping the content and practice of politics in divided societies, their design is highly context-sensitive.

In conclusion, religion in Nigeria (the most populous African country with a population of over 200 million in 2018) is diverse. Nigeria’s constitution guarantees freedom of religion and the country is simultaneously home to some of the largest Muslim and Christian populations in the world. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Muslims, who live mainly in the north, and Christians, who live mainly in the south; indigenous religions, such as those originating from the Igbo and Yoruba ethnic groups, are in the minority. Hence the need for cohesion given our diversity.


Richard Odusanya is a social reform crusader and the organizer of the AFRICA COVENANT RESCUE INITIATIVE ACRI.

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